How to prepare for Maths in competitive exams

JEE, upsc, how to prepare maths, ibps, ssc, bank po, CAT, GMAT, maths for ssc exam, banking exam, maths tough, education news, indian expressInstead of actual calculations always believe in mental calculations, rounding off and avoid doing rough work

Although it is with every subject that one must have abundant clarity and understanding before appearing for an exam at any stage of life but with Mathematics the level required notches up just a bit.

Since there is a level of competition involved in prestigious examinations like CAT, GMAT, Bank PO’s, Staff Selection Commission, the candidate needs to have a proper strategy to score well in this subject.

In any competition examination, quantitative section constitutes roughly around half of the question paper – directly or indirectly. It may include questions ranging from arithmetic to algebra to geometry to data interpretation to data sufficiency. No examination is deemed to be complete without a major role of quantitative section. Thus, whether you like the subject or not, you cannot ignore Mathematics if you are to appear for a Competition Examination!!

How to deal with the quantitative section

While all the questions may not require advance knowledge of mathematics, conceptual clarity of basics of Mathematics learnt at school level and the tricks to quickly solve questions are something one can’t certainly do without.

Knowing mathematics is different from understanding mathematics. While preparing for the examinations, if the questions have actually been solved by hand and not just read with solutions, you definitely stand a better chance to solve the same more quickly in the exams when it matters the most.

Thus, the first and the only mantra to have a perfect grip over the subject is practice more.

Most of the competition examinations these days have negative marking too. Thus, for students, it turns out to be a two front battle — to solve the maximum number of questions in the least possible time and to solve them correctly. To achieve the twin target one surely needs to ensure to memorise basic formulae/ methods. Also, never attempt to answer a question in first go if you are not 100 per cent sure.

Some of the tips for an efficient problem solving and good results in quantitative section are below:

General quantitative questions

— Memorise squares up to 35, cubes up to 15 and prime numbers up to 150;
— Memorise numerical tables up to 20;
— Remember percentage related fractions up to 1/12 (e.g. 50% = 1/2, 25% = ¼ and so on)
— While sitting in the exam, never pressurise yourself with time factor during initial stages – try to reach the last question within 25-35 per cent of the time scheduled for quantitative section after continuously ticking approximately 50 per cent of the total number of questions
— Memorise shortcuts and discuss them with friends to have perfection

 

— Prefer applying hit and trial methods – wherever possible – before you think of actual working. Some questions can in fact be solved by elimination of choices. Work smartly to all such questions.
— Right from the day you begin preparing for the exam, start making your own notes for short cuts;
— Practice to solve by oral working of calculations as it saves time;
— Emphasise more on high scoring chapters;
— Memorise area formulae for 2-Dimensional and 3-Dimensional figures;
— Focus on algebraic and Indices formulae;
— Remember important T-ratios (in Trigonometry) and their values;
— Remember Pythagoras Triplets.

Data interpretation questions

— Always glance the data with its units (viz. meter, day, kg, lakhs, etc)
— Have a bird’s eye view of what it contains and swings around;
— Keep a watch on the answer choices – if wider – only then think of rounding and ball park thinking else get down to do the detailed working as per the question demand;
— Rounding should be done with justifications and should look genuine and proportionate;
— Instead of actual calculations always believe in mental calculations, rounding off and avoid doing rough work and
— If any rough work is done, it should be kept a track off so that it is revisited for subsequent questions.

 

Data sufficiency questions

— Never presume or suppose anything other than the information at hand;
— You need not solve the problem actually. Your job is to simply observe whether the problem can be solved or not and a definite result be reached or not with the information available;
— Learn the basic concepts on number systems, inequalities, geometry, equations for ease in data sufficiency roblem solving;
— During practice, actually solve the questions so that it can be easily recalled during the examination.

How should non-engineering students prepare for the exam

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How should non-engineers prepare for the Common Admission Test (CAT)? It is a genuine query of roughly 40 per cent of the candidates who belong to non-engineering backgrounds.

In general, there is no difference in the strategy and on the focus area between engineering and non-engineering students. There is a high number of non-engineering students every year who manage to crack CAT, in spite of not being from an engineering/statistics/maths/mathematical science background. Thus, such preconceived notions are completely absurd.

To succeed, kill such wrong notions first. How a student performs in the exam like CAT has less to do with his/her background and more to do with his/her perseverance and being open to fresh ideas.

Quantitative Aptitude (QA):

One should draw a boundary between QA and Maths. CAT demands only basic mathematical skills that we have learnt till class 10. CAT does not focus on theoretical ideas but application of basic concepts. This essentially means that your knowledge of basic arithmetic and proportionality tools, numbers, time-speed distance, elementary combinatorics, algebra and geometry is more than enough to help you crack the test.

Most of the problems present a level ground for everyone so there isn’t much of an advantage that engineers or other ‘maths people’ have. Most students get carried away and end up focussing on ‘glamorous’ concepts while neglecting simpler ones.

 

Basic mathematical skill is just one dimension of the QA section and the other dimensions are more important. These are: The ability to perform in a pressure situation, observational skills, decision making, adaptability/flexibility and finally, an ability to comprehend the questions.

Solving a CAT quant problem is a step wise process and the basic algorithm is as follows –

Step-I: Comprehension of question

Step-II: Interpretation, that is, what is given and what is required etc

Step-III: Problem solving (If required)

Before moving to step III, however, one should explore all the possibilities of answer option elimination through various approaches such as observation or through finding out the range of guesstimate values after analysing the extreme cases. To inculcate the above set of skills, one needs to practice hard.

Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation (LR/DI):

DI and LR are less knowledge-oriented and more skill-oriented. These areas involve fewer concepts and require regular practice. Practicing under time pressure is important. Whether you are an engineer or a non-engineer, this section is an equalizer in the true sense.

To excel in DI one should be conversant with the application of some of the most repeated tools related to percentages, proportionality tool, averages and alligations. Students should be clear with “how interpretation is different from calculations” and “how one can avoid unnecessary calculations in DI”.

In calculation-based DI questions, if you can calculate mentally it will be an advantage. Judicious use of on-screen calculator also saves precious time.

What Else is Making News

 In short, the adage, practice makes one perfect is absolutely true for DI. Apart from this comprehension ability, logical reasoning and application of maxima-minima concepts is required more in reasoning based DI.

To deal with LR puzzles based upon linear arrangements, circular arrangements, distributions, order & sequencing, selections or binary logic, an aspirant is required to achieve the basic skill set though rigorous practice.

The three basic skill sets are comprehension, interpretation and case analysis which are essentially required to crack any puzzle. After achieving the basic skill sets of puzzles some topic based on LR such as cubes, games, venn diagram, tournaments etc are also required in this section.

 

Non-engineering students need to focus more upon the evaluating factors in CAT, that is, optimization of speed and accuracy. Prepare for the exam by dividing your time equally for VA, LRDI and Quant sections.

CBSE launches 'Udaan Scheme' to boost enrollment of girl students in IITs, NITs

CBSE launches 'Udaan Scheme' to boost enrollment of girl students in IITs, NITs

New Delhi: To boost enrollment of girls in the country’s premier engineering institutes likeIITs and NITs, CBSE has launched the Udaan Scheme in order to provide free online coaching and monetary incentives.

CBSE has urged parents and schools to make the optimum use of the scheme.

1/ Udaan is a special initiative introduced by CBSE to promote awareness about engineering institutions and groom girl students to successfully secure berth in premier engineering institutes such as IITs and NITs.2/ Under the aegis of Udaan, CBSE will provide online coaching facilities and zonal-level training under the guidance of experts from IITs.

3/ Coaching on mathematics and science will be provided to girl students from classes 9 to 12.

4/ It will also provide scholarships to 1,000 disadvantaged girls annually.

5/ The main objective is to increase enrollment ratio of girls in the premier engineering institutes and instill leadership quality.

According to a India Today report, some 5,000 girl students in Kerala have already applied for Udaan scheme this year.

East Delhi Municipal Corporation to lease out its schools to private coaching institutes

 

East Delhi Municipal Corporation to lease out its schools to private coaching institutes

New Delhi: Cash-strapped East Delhi Municipal Corporation is planning to lease out its schools to a few private coaching institutes, with a dual aim of boosting access to education for poor children and augmenting its revenues.

“This project would be based on a public-private- partnership model where we have earmarked about 200 schools spread over 10 Assembly constituencies in the area.

“10 centres, one from each constituency would be tried on a pilot-basis first and then we would expand it,” East Delhi Mayor Satya Sharma told PTI.
About 2.5 lakh students go to 398 school under the EDMC, she said, under this project “morning (regular) schools would be covered”.

“The idea is to utilise the classroom lying closed after morning timings, so that in the evening the same could be used to impart education to other children, among other students.”51 per cent of the students admitted would be from below poverty line (BPL) section of the society who would get free education.

“Our policy aims to use the PPP model to provide education to these underprivileged children and at the same time boost our revenues as we are reeling under a financial loss,” Chairman of Standing Committee of EDMC Jitender Chaudhary said.

The Mayor said the proposal has been approved by the standing committee and it is slated to be tabled in EDMC House meeting on Monday.

“After the House okays it, we would begin work on it and it would take at least one month before we marshall all our resources together and get staff and teachers on board,” she said.

Chaudhary said the civic body is also seeking to “hire retired teachers to serve in such schools. The space would be used by private coaching institutes but we would carry the ultimate authority. They would be run as schools and not typical coaching centres.”

“We are promoting education and so poor children would not be charged any fee, but bags and uniform they would not be free,” Sharma said.

The Laws and the Usage Norms of Supplemental HGH

The laws for HGH are not the same in all parts of the world. The supplement can be used in certain countries legally without the prescription. The full form of rHGH stands for Recombinant human growth hormone. This hormone is required for treatment reasons in several scenarios. The hormone is the apt solution in case of several health adversities. You have the growth hormones being produced by the human body. The hormone is naturally produced by the pituitary gland. In certain cases there is insufficient supply of the growth hormones and this can affect the human stature and the rate of cellular production.

Related image

 

Identity of HGH

The hormonal action improved the height growth and for the right usage of the same the hormone is at times extracted from the source of the pituitary gland. In the present day the formation of the growth hormone happens through the recombination of the DNA technology. You get the solution under various brand identities. You have the option to buy HGH online. The drug is widely available on net. It is only that the source has to be the trusted one. An authentic HGH source will certify the quality and the standard of the supplement being sold.

Usage of the HGH Pills

The HGH pills are commonly used by the adult section of the population. The pills are used mainly for the reason of muscle enhancement and muscle conditioning. HGH is a good solution for the reason of bodybuilding and the same is used as the popular anti-aging agent. HGH intake encourages muscle growth and it comes with better positive effects. HGH is a potent pill and it comes with several growth factors and it even consists of the L-amino acids to help in the legitimate increase and maintenance of the HGH levels in human body. The wise usage of the supplement is sure to benefit the human health in the long run.

rHGH Therapy for You

You even have the common and trusted concept of rHGH Therapy. This therapy is used in case of children who are suffering from certain deficiencies. rHGH is required for growth spurts and it can even cause improved motor development in humans. The supplement reduces body fat ratios and there is also increase in the amount of muscle strength. The physicians are of the opinion that when HGH is injected within the human body it can lead to several negative effects. In this case the dosage and the injection should be monitored by the experienced doctor.

Determining HGH Dosage

Correct HGH dosage improved the height growth. The supplement is effective for the paediatric patients and even for the elderly and the adults. However, excess presence of HGH in the human body can lead to adverse effects and one is made to suffer from the condition of acromegaly. In case, HGH is used as part of the children therapy the same should be safely used and closely monitored for a safe effect on the human health. In case of negative effects the dosage of HGH need to be rightly adjusted.

Punjab Patwari recruitment 2016: Apply for 2084 posts

punjab.gov.in, punjab patwari, punjab patwari recruitment, punjab patwari recruitment 2016, punjab jobs, punjab patwari jobs, punjab patwari posts, latest patwari vacancy, patwari recruitment, govt jobsPunjab Patwari recruitment 2016: The candidate should have a Bachelor’s degree from a recognised university

The Director Land Records, Punjab has released a notification inviting applications for recruitment for Revenue/Canal Patwari posts on its official website – punjabrevenue.nic.in. The eligible candidates have to apply online on or before October 4, 2016.

Punjab Patwari recruitment 2016
Revenue Patwari – 1227 posts
Canal Patwari – 857 posts

Eligibility criteria
Age: As on August 1, 2016, the candidate’s age should be 21 years to 37 years. There is age relaxation for reserved categories as per the law.

Education qualification: The candidate should have a Bachelor’s degree from a recognised university. They should also have 120 hours personal computer or Information Technology in office productivity applications or desktop publishing applications from a recognised institution.
Also a ‘O’ Level from DOEACC is a must. The Candidate should have passed matriculation with Punjabi as one of the subject or its equivalent level.

Selection process: The candidates will be selected on the basis of performance in the written examination and the interview round.

Examination fees
The general category candidate has to deposit Rs 800 while Rs 600 is for reserved category aspirants.

How to apply for revenue/ canal patwari posts
Log on to the official website
On the homepage, click on the link ‘Patwari recruitment’
A new page will open
Read the detailed notification
On the left side, click on the ‘registration for fresh candidates’
Enter the required details – name, mobile number, marital status, date of birth and other details
Get yourself registered and follow the instructions

 

Important dates

Online filling begins: September 10
Last date for online filling: October 4
Last date for depositing the application fees by system generated bank challan form: October 6

India to take 126 years to reach global education standards

india education, hrd ministry, assocham, rrb, india gdp, us education, india spends on education, education news, indian expressIndia is spending a mere 3.83 per cent of its gross domestic product (GDP) on education

Going by the current pace of spending and factors like shortage of quality teachers, India will take a whopping 126 years to reach standards of education on par with developed nations, a report said today.

The paper by Assocham calls for “dramatic” changes in the country’s education system and claims that although India has made rapid strides, the yawning gap between the standards of education is not likely to be bridged soon as the developed world has not slowed down spending on education.

It said with India spending a mere 3.83 per cent of its gross domestic product (GDP) on education, the amount is not sufficient to catch up with developed economies, adding that it will take “six generations or 126 years to catch up with developed countries if we do not change our education system dramatically”.

In contrast, the US spends 5.22 per cent of its GDP on education, Germany spends 4.95 per cent while for UK it is 5.72 per cent.

“With the high GDP base of these developed countries, the absolute money earmarked for education is huge. For instance the size of the US GDP would be something like seven times the size of the Indian GDP and above all, its ratio on education on a higher base would be very significant,” said Assocham Secretary General D S Rawat.

Noting that India has resource constraints, the paper suggests the country to reach the levels of spending as recommended by the United Nations, which wants countries to spend at least 6 per cent of their GDP on education.

Moreover, shortage of quality teachers is among the major challenges facing the education sector. At present, the shortage of teachers has been measured at 1.4 million.

Besides, 20 per cent of the teachers do not measure up to the standards of the National Council for Teachers’ Education (NCTE).

Also, due to absence of focus on effective skill development, India is one of the least skilled countries.

HP government summons college management

admission-480Amid allegations of a private medical college in Solan denying admission to 150 MBBS students under government quota over demand of fee hike, the government has summoned the representatives of the college management for talks here tomorrow.

“Some parents of the students, who have been listed for admission to the MBBS course under 50 per cent government quota, met me today and I was apprised of the matter and the representatives of the college management have been called for talks with the Secretary (Health),” Chief secretary V C Pharka said.

The college management, which is charging Rs five lakh per year for the seats under government quota as against Rs 50,000 charged by three government medical colleges in the state, has requested for a further hike in the fee.

However, the government had turned down the request saying no changes can be made in the fee structure after counselling and publication of the prospectus.

Out of 150 MBBS seats, 75 seats under government quota and 75 seats including 13 NRI seats under management quota are to be filled on the basis of NEET merit, the counselling for which was done by Himachal Pradesh University but the college has refused to admit the students.

The parents of the students, seeking admission in the private college, have been left in the lurch and they have approached the HP Private Educational Institutions Regulatory Commission and sought its intervention.

The Commission is aware of the matter and is likely to ask the representatives of the college management to appear in person.

CAG raps Punjab for lack of regulatory mechanism for pvt univs

Surat flyover, Surat bridge, Surat flyover collapse, CAG, Surat Municipal corporation, SMC, Gujarat government, Gujarat newsThe Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan has said that his government will support the toppers of Class 12 to help them prepare for competitive exams.

“The government will extend support to the toppers of Class 12 to help them prepare for the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) examination and also announced a scheme in this regard,” an official of the state Public Relation department said today. The CM made the announcement at a scholarship distribution programme organised by a private news channel last evening.

The Minister for Water Resources and Public Relations, Narottam Mishra, Minister for Home and Transport Bhupendra Singh, Minister for School Education Vijay Shah, Mayor Alok Sharma and Bhopal MP Alok Sanjar among others were present at the event.

Exhorting girls to strive for knowledge and success in every field, Chouhan said the government would extend all possible help to them. Asserting that there will be no shortage of funds in providing education, he said his government was determined to improve the life of “daughters” in the state.

There are as many as 23 lakh girls in the state, who stand to get Rs 1 lakh monetary benefit under the Ladli Laxmi Yojana (LLY), he said.

A new innovative scheme has been introduced to promote talent, Chouhan said adding, “the government will pay the fees of students, who get admissions in premier national institutes through all India competition.”

He also underlined the need to remove gender disparity, saying it was not a part of Indian culture.

Schools asked to make Divyang-friendly facilities: Javadekar

Schools asked to make Divyang-friendly facilities: Javadekar

Mumbai: The Centre will make a slew of provisions for Divyang students in the upcoming education policy and has already asked schools to provide adequate facilities to them, HRD Minister Prakash Javadekar said on Saturday.

“We will make a lot of provisions for Divyang students across the country in our upcoming new education policy. We have asked the management of schools to provide ramps in buildings, make available separate toilets for them or modify/upgrade the existing toilets and facilitate their easy movement on the premises,” he said.

Javadekar was talking to reporters on the sidelines of an event where he met and interacted with over 100 visually impaired girls at a city school.

He said interaction with Divyang students was part of BJP’s decision to celebrate September 17, the birthday of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, as Sewa Diwas.

“Our MPs, MLAs and other leaders decided to celebrate our Prime Minister’s birthday as Sewa Diwas. Therefore, we decided to reach out to Dalits and those oppressed and underprivileged,” he said.

Javadekar was impressed with the training facilities available for students at the 116-year-old Kamla Mehta School for the Blind in Dadar.

Lauding the efforts and aspirations of the girls and their teachers, the minister said, “What we all need is just commitment and zeal to move ahead in our life. These girls are a source of energy and inspiration.”

Maharashtra Minister for Social Justice Rajkumar Badole, BJP MP from Beed Preetam Munde and officers from the office of Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities were present on the occasion.

Javadekar also briefly highlighted what the NDA government was doing for the uplift of Divyangs (persons with disabilities).

“Our government has undertaken ‘Sugamya Bharat’ initiative to achieve universal accessibility (of infrastructure) for Divyangs.

“The government is providing needful support by appointing teachers for Divyang students. And now the need of the hour is to go for mapping of such students, bring them to schools and impart them with necessary skill sets.”